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Year 4

Lesson Title: Sustainability- Egg farmers are doing their bit!

Subject Area: Geography
Year Four


TEACHER NOTES

Year:
Year Four (9-10 year olds)

Resources/Materials:

  • Interactive Whiteboard
  • www.allabouteggs.com.au

Language/Vocabulary:
Source, consumer, producer, produce, product, stored, location, sustainable, impact, rural, urban, development, biosecurity, conflict, populated, residents, council, vaccination, environment, economy, practices, fertiliser, livestock, industry

Higher Order Thinking Skills (Blooms Taxonomy):

  • Knowledge
  • Comprehension
  • Application
  • Analysis
  • Synthesis
  • Evaluation

Extension/Open-Ended Questions:
Investigate how urban development has impacted egg farms in Australia.


OVERVIEW

Every human activity affects the environment in some way. In this lesson, students will learn how Australian farmers work to create efficient and sustainable practices to ensure little impact upon their neighbours and the surrounding environment.

AIMS & OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of this lesson students will demonstrate a basic understanding of:

  • The ways egg farming affects the environment
  • The impact of egg farming on the environment and how farmers are working towards sustainability
  • How biosecurity measures are in place to manage waste and disease
  • The uses for waste generated from farms and how it is managed
AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM

Key Learning Area:
Geography:
Code ACHGK025
Geographical Knowledge and Understanding
The sustainable management of waste from production and consumption

Geographical Inquiry and Skills / Reflecting and Responding
Reflect on their learning to propose individual action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge and identify the expected effects of the proposal ACHGS032

Cross-curriculum Priorities:
Sustainability

General Capabilities:

  • Personal & Social Capability
  • Critical & Creative Thinking
  • Literacy
  • Ethical Understanding

 

Lesson Introduction:

  1. Conduct the pre-test Pop Quiz.
  2. Pose the question ‘How does egg farming affect the environment?’ Students are encouraged to discuss their answers as a class. Discuss the definition of ‘environment’ and the features it refers to.
  3. Students research the ways egg farming can affect the environment, highlighting the issues of land use conflict and waste products. Lead a discussion around how all human activities (including intensive livestock industries such as the egg industry) affect the environment in some way. However, the egg industry uses modern farming methods which minimises the impact on the environment.

Main Body of Teaching:

  1. Discuss the statement ‘Egg farmers work hard to ensure their businesses are efficient and sustainable, and their activities cause minimal impact upon neighbours and the surrounding environment’. Students research the term 'sustainable'.
  2. Using the interactive whiteboard, define the term sustainable as ‘Living within the limits of what an environment can offer; understanding the connections between the economy, society and the environment; meeting human needs in the present while preserving the environment’. Discuss.
  3. As a class, using the interactive whiteboard (or in pairs on computers/tablets) students participate in the interactive game, Running an Efficient and Sustainable Egg Farm. The aim of the game is to create an efficient egg farm by choosing responsible management practices that cause minimal impact on the environment and by participating in a range of biosecurity procedures. 
  4. Discuss the students’ key learning. Students should recognise that modern egg farmers acknowledge the need for sustainability and have many procedures in place to reduce the impact of egg farming on the environment. Furthermore, students should be able to identify the importance of maintaining these high standards.
  5. Pose the question ‘What would happen if sustainable and responsible farming methods and practices were not followed?’ Students compose an explanation detailing possible answers including the spread of disease, reduction in egg farming and consumption, impact on the economy etc.

Lesson Conclusion:

  1. In groups, students present a piece of persuasive writing with particular emphasis on how egg farmers are working hard to reduce this impact.
  2. Conduct the post-test Pop Quiz.

Homework:

  1. Visit a local garden nursery with your family. Find out how manure and litter waste from egg and other farms are used by gardeners and farmers as an excellent source of fertiliser for plants. Students write a short report about their findings to share with their class members.

Pre and Post Assessment Content:
Conduct this online in the interactive lesson.

Pre-Lesson Q&A
Question Answer
1. In what ways does the farming of eggs affect the environment? Land use conflicts and waste products.
2. The egg industry uses modern farming methods to… Minimise the impact on the environment.
3. What is sustainability? Meeting human needs in the present while preserving the environment.
4. Biosecurity refers to… The practical measures egg farmers take to limit the spread of infectious diseases and pests.
5. What will happen if sustainable and responsible farming methods and practices are not followed? The spread of disease, reduction in the number of eggs produced and consumed and an impact on the economy.
Post-Lesson Q&A
Question Answer
1. Land use conflicts refer to: When ________ development and rural development compete for the use of the same or neighbouring land. Urban.
2. What are some of the issues that have arisen due to competition over land? Noise, dust, odour, farm chemicals, night-time activities, appearance, natural environment damage and weed infestation.
3. Australian egg farmers work closely with communities and government to… Manage their businesses in a way that minimises their impact on the environment.
4. What do egg farmers do to manage waste effectively? Collect, transport, store and dispose to reduce the effects of odour, disease and contamination.
5. Manure and litter waste can be recycled and used as ___________for plants. Fertiliser
6. How is manure managed to reduce odour problems and flies? Manure is dried rapidly: shed ventilation helps with this.
7. Biosecurity involves practical measures egg farmers take to limit the spread of infectious diseases. This is done by… Ensuring all transport containers, shed equipment and clothing is clean, disinfected and protected from contamination.
8. What is sustainability? Meeting human needs in the present while preserving the environment.
9. In what ways does the farming of eggs affect the environment? Land use conflicts and waste products.
10. The egg industry uses modern farming methods to… Minimise the impact on the environment.
Based on Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) materials downloaded from the Australian Curriculum website on (insert date). ACARA does not endorse any changes that have been made to the Australian Curriculum.